Turkey’s operation fills vacuum in Syria: Experts


A military operation launched this week by Turkey in northeastern Syria has filled a vacuum created by the withdrawal of U.S. troops from the area, political observers said Thursday. 

Referring to Washington’s support for the PKK/PYD-YPG terrorist organization, a foreign policy expert from India underlined that backing terrorists under the guise of fighting Daesh was unacceptable.

“No one can take exception to this position of Turkey,” said Shastri Ramachandran, who writes on foreign policy issues for India and has been following issues in the Middle East. 

On Wednesday, Turkey launched Operation Peace Spring east of the Euphrates River in northern Syria to secure its borders by eliminating terrorist elements and to ensure the safe return of Syrian refugees as well as Syria’s territorial integrity. 

“In the aftermath of the U.S. decision to withdraw from Syria, Turkey is left with no choice but to fill the opening created by this development,” Ramachandran told Anadolu Agency from New Delhi. 

U.S. President Donald Trump said Wednesday that Washington had moved 50 of its troops from areas in Syria that Turkey is now clearing of terrorist groups, including the PKK/PYD-YPG. 

“Fighting between various groups has been going on for hundreds of years. USA should never have been in Middle East,” Trump said on Twitter, adding: “Moved our 50 soldiers out.”

Trump’s ‘hands-off’ policy

Senior Middle East expert and Indian journalist Saeed Naqvi said Trump has “given the game away.” 

“He [Trump] wants Turkey, Russia and Iran to come in [Syria],” Naqvi told Anadolu Agency. “This is simply a hands-off policy. Trump is asking: ‘Should it [fighting terror] be [only] my responsibility?'” said Naqvi.

Former Pakistani diplomat Shamshad Ahmad Khan underscored that Turkey had every right to ensure its territorial integrity. 

“Turkey, a genuine friend of Pakistan, must have taken this step in consultation with friendly countries,” said Khan.

“As a Pakistani, we feel in total solidarity with Turkey and its people,” he said, referring to Turkey’s Operation Peace Spring. 

Author and journalist Kallol Bhattacharjee supported Ramachandran’s argument. 

“The power vacuum is never allowed to last in international affairs, and the launch of the operation against the PKK soon after the U.S. president declared the withdrawal of American assets from the region is a sign of that enduring truth,” Bhattacharjee, who works with The Hindu daily, told Anadolu Agency from New Delhi. 

“The Operation [Peace Spring]…is the most decisive military campaign of the Syrian battlefield in recent years, and it’s quite obvious that the U.S., Iran and other regional powers have given tacit support to the operation to secure Turkey’s long-term interests [against the PKK],” he added.

Countering Balkanization of Syria

Pakistan-based Mian Abrar, who writes on terrorism issues in South Asia, believes Operation Peace Spring will clear the remaining pockets held by terrorist outfits like Deash and the PKK.

“It is a prudent move that would frustrate designs of the Balkanization of Syria and help restore Syrian sovereignty,” he said, referring to alleged attempts by the West to carve out a new state from Iraq, Syria and Turkey.

Abrar stressed that Ankara had learned from the experience of Pakistan, which suffered immensely after the Afghan war. 

“Pakistan faced hard times due to the spillover effect of terrorism, and this [Turkish] operation was imminent,” he argued.

He added that Operation Peace Spring would open a new vista for a regional alliance between Turkey, Russia, Iran, Pakistan, China and central Asian states against terrorism, especially Daesh, the PKK and the Taliban.

Fight against Daesh 

Arguing that Turkish operations were in conformity with Turkey’s right to self-defense under international law and UN Security Council resolutions, Ramachandran said Turkey itself has been a victim of the terror group. 

“At least 300 people have been killed by Daesh in attacks it claimed within Turkey; there were also suicide bombings, armed attacks and targeting of civilians,” he said. 

He said Turkey’s fight against these forces, including the PKK, YPG and Daesh, “is not new or beginning now.” 

“The PKK, YPG are responsible for killing 40,000 people, including women and children [inside Turkey], and Turkey’s [current] fight [is] part of a 30-year battle against the terror campaign of these forces,” he added. 

All eyes on Turkey 

Observers feel that the world is watching Turkey’s operation in Syria and it needs to take utmost care with regard to the human rights of civilians. 

“Turkish forces have to take care that in the course of their operations, civilians are not killed or wounded, and civilian casualties do not happen even as collateral damage,” Ramachandran said. 

Bhattacharjee fears the operation may generate a vast number of displaced civilians.

“[It might] unleash a major humanitarian crisis and regional states must gear up to help the civilians,” he said. 

According to the United Nations, Turkey hosts the world’s largest number of Syrian refugees at around 3.5 million since the war started in Syria in 2011. 

“Turkey’s aim is to make sure that everybody can go home again after Operation Peace Spring clears northern Syria from terrorists,” Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said Thursday.

“We will not accept anyone being harmed by Operation Peace Spring, especially civilians,” Erdogan said.

Operation Peace Spring

Turkey on Wednesday launched Operation Peace Spring east of the Euphrates River in northern Syria to secure its borders and Syria’s territorial integrity by eliminating terrorist elements and to ensure the safe return of Syrian refugees.

Turkey has said the PKK terrorist group and its extension the YPG/PYD constitute the biggest threat to Syria’s future, jeopardizing the country’s territorial integrity and unitary structure.

Ankara has also stressed that supporting terrorists under the pretext of fighting Daesh is unacceptable.

Turkey has a 911-kilometer (566-mile) border with Syria and has long decried the threat from terrorists east of the Euphrates River and the formation of a “terrorist corridor” there.

Turkey plans to resettle 2 million Syrians in a 30-km (19-mile) wide proposed safe zone in Syria stretching from the Euphrates River to the Iraqi border, including Manbij. However, the presence of terror groups such as the PKK, PYD and YPG risk its formation.

Turkey has freed an area of 4,000 square km (1,544 square miles) in Syria from terrorist groups in two separate cross-border operations.

Since 2016, Turkey has conducted two major military operations in northwestern Syria — Operation Euphrates Shield and Operation Olive Branch — to eradicate threats from Daesh and the YPG, which is the Syrian branch of the PKK terrorist group.

The two operations were in line with the country’s right to self-defense borne out of international law, UN Security Council resolutions, especially no. 1624 (2005), 2170 (2014) and 2178 (2014), and under the right to self-defense under Article 51 of the UN Charter while being respectful of Syria’s territorial integrity. 

During Operation Euphrates Shield, Turkish forces neutralized 3,060 Daesh terrorists.

Turkey has suffered greatly from Daesh attacks inside the country.

More than 300 people have been killed in attacks claimed by Daesh in Turkey, where the terrorist group has targeted civilians in suicide bombings and armed attacks in recent years.

In its more than 30-year terror of campaign against Turkey, the PKK – listed as a terrorist organization by Turkey, the U.S. and the European Union — has been responsible for the deaths of some 40,000 people, including women, children and infants.
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